Hair Loss

What is Hair Loss?
Hair loss, also known as alopecia or baldness, refers to the loss of hair from the scalp or the entire body. It occurs due to disruption in the hair growth cycle. It can be hereditary or may occur secondary to medical illness, hormonal changes or drugs. It may affect men, women and children. A normal individual sheds 50 to 100 hairs per day, but it is not noticeable as new hair growth occurs simultaneously.

Hair loss that occurs with ageing is usually hereditary and is the commonest reason for baldness. In women, hair is considered to be an essential part of their identity, while in men, healthy hair is considered to be a sign of youth and vigor. Hair loss affects the appearance of an individual and hence cause psychological distress and inferiority complex. It can impair the quality of life of an individual.

What Causes Scalp Hair Loss?
Hair loss is the problem faced by almost every person in the world. It’s a fact that men are more likely to lose their hair than women due to male pattern baldness. The reasons for hair loss can range from simple and temporary to the more complex. It is vital to know the causes of hair loss for the treatment. Hair loss problem is transferred genetically from parents to their offspring. It means it runs in families. Hereditary condition like male baldness pattern or female baldness pattern is the most common cause of hair loss. The onset of hair loss begins at the end of puberty. The present hair loss genes make your hair follicles sensitive to a hormone called dihydrotestosterone (DHT) on the top of your head. DHT is formed from the male hormone testosterone. Hair follicles begin to deteriorate as the DHT handles the miniaturization of follicles. Hair becomes thinner with time and at the severe stage the production of hair ceases completely. It is unfortunate that the hair loss problem tends to increase as you age and continues throughout your lifetime.

Besides genetic reason, there are many underlying causes of hair loss. The causes involve many psychological, physical, hormonal and environmental factors. Deficiency of necessary nutrients in the diet also leads to severe hair loss problem.

What can be done about male pattern hair loss?
Male pattern hair loss is the fact of life of millions of men. Male pattern hair loss becomes severe with time and leads to baldness. Living with noticeable hair loss is no longer inevitable with the evolution of different methods that have evolved to combat this problem.

- It is now possible to stop or slow down the progression of hair loss by using medications as well as surgical techniques. People suffering from male pattern baldness can now avail multiple options to eradicate hair loss.

- Effective medical treatments occur in the form of pills that work for the prevention and treatment of hair loss. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approves the medical treatments being used for male pattern hair loss (FDA). Finasteride and Minoxidil are the medications for male pattern baldness.

- The best and most reliable way to minimize the hair loss and regain the lost hair permanently is hair transplantation surgery. In this surgery, hair from donor sites is harvested and implanted in the bald area. This technique is less invasive, less painful and involves no linear scar and stitches. It is free from complications and side effects and transplanted hair never sheds off.